Mobility Hubs

Mobility Hubs are places of connectivity where different modes of travel – walking, biking, transit, and shared mobility – seamlessly converge. They are best suited near high-frequency transit and where there is a concentration of employment, housing, shopping, and/or recreation. They provide an integrated suite of mobility services, amenities, and technologies to bridge the distance between high-frequency transit and an individual’s origin or destination.

The 2021 Regional Plan will include a network of primary and satellite Mobility Hubs surrounding existing transit and new high-frequency, high-speed services in the Transit Leap. These services will integrate with Complete Corridors to align several Mobility Hub features – like wireless electric vehicle charging and smart parking – with the network of high-capacity, smart, and actively managed highways and local roads. Flexible Fleets also integrate into Mobility Hubs to provide a wide range of travel options to better access transit and other community destinations.

Download an informational flier about Mobility Hubs (English | Español).
View the 5 Big Moves glossary of terms (EnglishEspañol). 

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Sample mobility hub services, amenities, and technologies include: bikeshare, carshare, neighborhood electric vehicles, bike parking, dynamic parking management strategies, real-time traveler information, real-time ridesharing, microtransit services, bike and pedestrian improvements, wayfinding, and urban design enhancements. These features help travelers connect to regional transit services and make short trips within the neighborhood and beyond. Integration of information technology helps travelers find, access, and pay for transit and on-demand shared mobility services. In the future, automated and connected transportation services may enhance mobility for travelers of all ages and abilities while fostering a safer environment for all mobility hub users.

Mobility hubs may result in a number of benefits:

  • Increased transportation choices for residents, employees, and visitors
  • Decreased dependence on the private automobile
  • Reduced traffic congestion

Two planning efforts are underway to apply the mobility hub concept within our region:

                                                

Mobility Hubs Webinar
On July 24, 2019 SANDAG hosted a webinar with Dylan Jones from Gensler Mobility Lab and Kate Wagoner from Passport. View the webinar recording and explore how Mobility Hubs enhance the movement of people and goods when different modes of travel – walking, biking, transit, and shared mobility – and supporting amenities converge in the heart of communities. Closed captions in Spanish will be available soon. 

View responses to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) from this webinar and learn more about the 5 Big Moves summer webinar series.
  
Features
  • Walking and biking infrastructure

    Safe, comfortable, and inviting walkways and bikeways; and secure parking for personal bikes, hoverboards, and other devices.

  • Shared mobility

    Transportation options that share the ride with other travelers or use a shared vehicle, such as transit, on-demand rideshare, carshare, micromobility solutions like dockless scooters and bikes, neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs), shared autonomous shuttles, and other Flexible Fleets.

  • Support services

    Real-time travel information, electric vehicle charging, multimodal wayfinding, package delivery, mobile retail services, and passenger loading areas.

  • Intelligent Transportation Services (ITS)

    Wireless vehicle charging, smart parking solutions, automated and connected vehicles, and dynamically managed curb space.

  • Supportive land uses
    Mobility Hubs are centers of activity where there is a concentration of employment, housing, shopping, and/or recreation.
Mobility Hubs
Anticipated Benefits
Mobility Hubs enhance the movement of people and goods while helping the region meet greenhouse gas emissions reduction mandates.

  • Increased transit ridership

    Studies have shown that increasing the concentration of homes and jobs near transit increases ridership, and that employment density is more strongly associated with transit ridership than residential density. For example, doubling the number of homes near light rail stations increased boardings at the same station by 15-59%.

  • Reduced need for driving alone

    Locating Mobility Hubs near high-frequency transit and popular commute and leisure destinations makes it easier to go places without relying on a personal car to travel long distances. Also, more than 45% of all trips in the U.S. are shorter than three miles, making Mobility Hubs a viable way to fulfill everyday travel needs.

  • Congestion relief

    Increased transportation choices and supporting amenities reduce the need to own a car. Pooled rides like UberPool, Lyft Shared Rides, and carpools decrease the number of vehicles on the road and help connect people to transit. Additionally, bike and pedestrian improvements will encourage more people to choose to walk, bike, or ride a scooter to transit or other Mobility Hub destinations.

  • Reduced air pollution

    Increasing zero-emission vehicles and supporting amenities like electric vehicle charging will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality.

  • Equity
    Flexible Fleets and automated vehicles can be viable options for seniors and persons with disabilities who are not able to travel on their own. Many private operators develop and implement equity plans to ensure accessibility (e.g., adaptive bikes/scooters, low-income payment options).


Success Stories and Related Links
  • The Mobility Hub idea originated in Bremen, Germany as a way to combine numerous mobility options in one location. Bremen successfully combined carshare vehicles, bike parking, and wayfinding elements near high-frequency transit stations. Bremen’s 290 shared cars have taken more than 4,200 privately owned cars off the road.

  • In Burlington in Ontario, Canada, Mobility Hubs are envisioned as a way to concentrate future population and job growth near railway and bus stations. The city is fostering complete, compact, and sustainable communities for people of all ages with a mix of uses in walking and biking distance to transit.

  • Metrolinx championed the idea of Mobility Hubs in Toronto, Canada to ensure shared mobility services and supporting amenities were consistent with transportation services in communities. Land use and transportation considerations were developed based on the walking, biking, and driving distance to transit.

  • In the San Francisco Bay Area, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission and the Association of Bay Area Governments launched an effort to provide community Mobility Hubs that include solar electric vehicle carsharing, e-bikes, free transit passes, and other transportation benefits to low-income residents at three affordable housing sites in Oakland, Richmond, and San Jose.